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Casavant-Freres Pipe Organ

At FirstChurch we are blessed with an outstanding pipe organ. The four manual, 66 rank instrument was built by Casavant Frères of St-Hyacinthe, Quebec, and was installed in the sanctuary of FUMC in the fall of 2003.

Casavant, Opus 3828
The pipe organ at First United Methodist Church has sixty-six ranks of pipes spread over six divisions. (A rank of pipes is composed of one pipe for each key on the keyboard or pedal board all of which produce the same type or color of sound, e.g. a flute or oboe, etc ) The organ has a total of 3,873 pipes. Preparations have been made for eight additional ranks of pipes to be added to the Solo division in the future. The console of Opus 3828 has four manuals (keyboards) with a compass of 61 notes each and a pedal keyboard of 32 notes.

Each of the five keyboards corresponds with and is dedicated to playing the pipes found in
five of six divisions mentioned above. These divisions are the Great, Swell, Choir, Solo and

Great: This is the main division of the organ. It contains the primary “organ sounding”
stops of the instrument and is used for hymn singing, forte accompaniments and solo organ repertoire. The pipes of this division are placed in the top center chamber of the organ and are played by the second keyboard from the bottom.

Swell: The next keyboard up (or second from the top) plays the pipes of the Swell division.
The swell gets its name from the fact that all the pipes of this division are contained in a
box with “swell shades” much like large plantation shutters that are opened and closed by
means of a pedal at the console, allowing the organist to manipulate the volume of the
pipes for musical expression. The Swell division of Opus 3828 is placed in a two-story
chamber on the congregations left side of the organ with softer stops on the bottom and
louder stops on top. This division contains quite a variety of stops from the strings and
celestes to the chorus reeds that are used to add brilliance and fire to a full organ
registration. It also contains the Oboe used for solo passages as well as the Vox Humana,
an unusual reed stop found frequently in solo organ repertoire by French composers of the
Romantic period.

Choir: The pipes of the Choir division are played from the bottom keyboard. This division,
which is also under expression with movable shutters like the Swell, is historically intended
to accompany the singing of the choir. The Choir division is located on the congregation’s
right hand side of the organ chamber just above the wood paneling opposite the lower level
of the Swell. This division contains a variety of medium loud to very soft stops that are
mostly flute like in tone color and somewhat transparent. However, this division also
contains a rather large solo reed stop, the Cornopean, that is something akin to a mellow
trumpet and the Crumhorn which is used frequently in solo organ repertoire from the French Baroque and sounds something like an ancient clarinet. This division also contains the zimbelstern (bell star), a set of 4 small bells that are attached to a rotating wheel. In addition, the choir is home to the digitally produced sounds of the Celeste and Harp.

Solo: The top keyboard of the organ console controls the stops of the Solo division. This
division is also under expression like the Swell and Choir and is placed in a chamber on top of the Choir division, opposite the upper level of the Swell. This division traditionally
contains very distinctive solo stops from flutes to strings to imitative reed sounds like the
clarinet or English horn. The solo division of Opus 3828 presently contains only two stops: a French horn and an English tuba, both very distinctive stops that are voiced on a higher
wind pressure than the pipes of the other divisions. This higher pressure gives them their
commanding volume and presence in the room. An additional seven stops are prepared for and already have labeled draw knobs in the console. These prepared stops include a
Harmonic Flute, English horn, Clarinet and Vox Anglica which will be one of the softest and
most ethereal stops on the organ.

Pedal: The Pedal division contains some of the lowest sounding pipes in the organ and is
used most frequently to play the bass line. This division contains six stops of its own, but
many more stops from the other divisions are also playable from the pedal keyboard
making it very versatile. The pedal division also contains three digitally produced thirty-two foot stops (the lowest pitches played by the organ). The digital production of these sounds
works quite successfully given the fact that these are stops that are more felt than heard.

Chamade: The sixth division is the Chamade division, which contains the three stops of the Festival Trumpet. These are the very strong reed pipes with the distinctive horizontal copper resonators visible in the façade. The Chamade division is considered a “floating” division that is playable from any of the five keyboards. It is used for fanfares to announce the arrival to “the bride” or for any festive occasion that calls for a sense of drama.

Great (61 notes)

16 Double Open Diapason (ext.)
8 First Open Diapason
8 Second Open Diapason
8 Chimney Flute
4 Octave
4 Open Flute
2-2/3 Twelfth
2 Fifteenth
1-3/5 Seventeenth
1-1/3 Mixture IV-V
1/2 Sharp Mixture III
16 Double Trumpet (ext.)
8 Trumpet
Great Unison Off
Chimes (Solo)
16 Tuba Magna (Solo)
8 Tuba Mirabilis (Solo)
4 Tuba Clarion (Solo)

Swell (61 notes)

16 Contra Gamba (ext.)
16 Contra Gamba Celeste (TC) (ext.)
8 Diapason
8 Major Flute
8 Viola da Gamba
8 Vox Coelestis (CC)
4 Octave
4 Harmonic Flute
4 Violina (ext.)
4 Violina Celeste (ext.)
2 Octavin
2 Plein Jeu III
2 Fourniture V
16 Bassoon
8 Harmonic Trumpet
8 Oboe
8 Vox Humana
4 Harmonic Clarion
Swell 16
Swell Unison Off
Swell 4
8 Tuba Mirabilis (Solo)

Choir (61 notes)

16 Lieblich Gedeckt (stopped wood) (ext.)
8 Salicional
8 Stopped Diapason (stopped wood)
8 Flauto Dolce
8 Flauto Celeste (TC)
4 Principal
4 Spindle Flute
2-2/3 Nazard
2 Super Octave
2 Recorder
1-3/5 Tierce
1-1/3 Larigot
1-1/3 Mixture IV
16 Bass Crumhorn (ext.)
8 Cornopean
8 Crumhorn
Choir 16
Choir Unison Off
Choir 4
16 Tuba Magna (Solo)
8 Tuba Mirabilis (Solo)
4 Tuba Clarion (Solo)
Harp (digital)
Celeste (digital)

Solo (61 notes)

8 Diapason (slotted)
8 Harmonic Flute
8 Voce Umana (slotted)
8 Vox Angelica II
4 Octave (slotted)
8 Clarinet
8 English Horn (TC)
8 Crumhorn (Ch.)
8 French Horn
Solo 16
Solo Unison Off
Solo 4
16 Tuba Magna (TC) (ext.)
8 Tuba Mirabilis
4 Tuba Clarion (ext.)
16 Contra Gamba (Sw.)
16 Contra Gamba Celeste (Sw.)
8 Viola da Gamba (Sw.)
8 Vox Coelestis (Sw.)
4 Violina (Sw.)
4 Violina Celeste (Sw.)
Chimes (digital)

Chamade (floating)

16 Festival Trumpet (TC) (ext.)
8 Festival Trumpet
4 Festival Trumpet (ext.)

Pedal (32 notes)

32 Contrabass (digital)
32 Sub Bass (digital)
16 Open Flute (Pilcher stop)
16 Contrabass (ext.)
16 Double Open Diapason (Gt.)
16 Contra Gamba (Sw.)
16 Sub Bass
16 Lieblich Gedeckt (Ch.)
8 Octave Bass
8 Second Open Diapason (Gt.)
8 Bourdon (ext. Sub Bass)
8 Stopped Diapason (Ch.)
4 Super Octave
4 Open Flute (Gt.)
4 Stopped Diapason (Ch.)
10-2/3 Theorbe III (derived)
2-2/3 Mixture IV
32 Ophicleide (digital)
16 Trombone
16 Double Trumpet (Gt.)
16 Bassoon (Sw.)
16 Bass Crumhorn (Ch.)
8 Trombone (ext.)
8 Trumpet (Gt.)
8 Tuba (Solo)
8 Bassoon (Sw.)
4 Clarion (ext.)
4 Tuba Clarion (Solo)
4 Bassoon (Sw.)
4 Crumhorn (Ch.)
Chimes (Solo)

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